Colditz Castle, Saxony, Germany (12/15)



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Castle Colditz (or Schloss Colditz in German) is a Renaissance castle in the town of Colditz close to Leipzig, Dresden and Chemnitz in the territory of Saxony in Germany. The castle is between the towns of Hartha and Grimma on a slope spike over the stream Zwickauer Mulde, a tributary of the River Elbe. It had the main untamed life park in Germany while, during 1523, the castle park was changed over into perhaps the biggest zoo in Europe. The castle gained international notoriety as the site of Oflag IV-C, a captive camp during World War II for "incorrigible" Allied officials who had more than once got away from different camps.

In 1046, Henry III of the Holy Roman Empire gave the burghers of Colditz authorization to construct the main recorded settlement at the site. During 1083, Henry IV encouraged Margrave Wiprecht of Groitzsch to build up the castle site, which Colditz acknowledged. During 1158, Emperor Frederick Barbarossa made Thimo I "Ruler of Colditz", and significant building works started. By 1200, the town around the market was set up. Timberlands, void knolls, and farmland were settled beside the previous Slavic towns Zschetzsch, Zschadraß, Zollwitz, Terpitzsch and Koltzschen. Around that time the bigger towns Hohnbach, Thierbaum, Ebersbach and Tautenhain additionally created.


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